By Abayomi Azikiwe
Making his first visit to the United States as head of state, Republic of Cuba President Miguel Diaz-Canel delivered an impassioned speech before the 73rd Ordinary Session of the United Nations General Assembly on September 26.
Defending the sovereignty of Cuba and other states throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, Diaz-Canel emphasized that the nations within the region had a right to adopt the political and economic system of their choice.
The address appeared to be a refutation of the speech given by U.S. president Donald Trump one day earlier. Trump launched a tirade against Venezuela and Cuba, stating that socialism was a failed system.
Nonetheless, the newly-elected Cuban leader recounted the advances of socialism and the exploitative character of capitalism. Diaz-Canel noted the increasing gap between the rich and poor along with the human deprivation so widespread in the contemporary world, where resources are hoarded by a small group of billionaires squandering material wealth on weapons of war and conquest.
Despite relations between Cuba and the U.S. being restored on July 20, 2015, after the severing of ties by Washington in 1961, the economic blockade against the socialist island remains intact. Although former U.S. president Barack Obama led the initiative to re-establish diplomatic ties, Trump has escalated hostile rhetoric toward Cuba.
This diplomatic break in 1961 took place amid numerous attempts by the Central Intelligence Agency to overthrow the revolutionary government led by then Prime Minister and later President Fidel Castro Ruz (1926-2016). Fidel handed over power to his younger brother, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces Raul Castro, in 2006, who maintained control of the council of state and ministers until April 19 this year. Raul remains First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba.
‘Consequences of capitalism’
In his address to the General Assembly, Diaz-Canel spoke to the international delegations on the character of capitalism and imperialism. He cited statistics saying nearly half of the globe’s wealth is controlled by 0.7 percent of the population, while 70 percent of the people can access only 2.7 percent of available resources. This leaves 3.4 billion people impoverished, 815 million without adequate food, 758 million illiterate and 844 million lacking in basic services such as clean drinking water.
Diaz-Canel stated: “These realities … are not the result of socialism, like the president of the United States said yesterday here. They are the consequence of capitalism, especially imperialism and neoliberalism; of the selfishness and exclusion that is inherent to that system, and of an economic, political, social and cultural paradigm that privileges wealth accumulation in the hands of a few at the cost of the exploitation and dire poverty of the large majorities.”
Drawing attention to the plight of the downtrodden who were the victims of enslavement and national oppression, the Cuban president noted: “Capitalism consolidated colonialism. It gave birth to fascism, terrorism and apartheid and spread wars and conflicts; the breaches of sovereignty and self-determination of the peoples; repression of workers, minorities, refugees and migrants. Capitalism is the opposite of solidarity and democratic participation.
“The production and consumption patterns that characterize [capitalism] promote plundering, militarism, threats to peace. They generate violations of human rights and are the greatest danger to the ecological balance of the planet and the survival of the human being.”
Cuban president addresses thousands at Riverside Church
Later that evening of September 26, a large diverse crowd gathered at the historic Riverside Church on the upper west side of Manhattan.
The event was entitled “Cuba Speaks for Itself” and was organized by a welcoming committee of numerous organizations including the Interreligious Foundation for Community Organization (IFCO)/Pastors for Peace, National Jericho Movement, Venceremos Brigade, Communist Workers League, Black Panther Commemoration Committee and the Northeast Political Prisoner Coalition, among other groups.
A joint statement published by the welcoming committee on the first page of the program book recalled the firm decades-long bonds between progressive forces in the U.S. and the Cuban government, by noting: “We have been through many struggles together — from the fight to return Elian Gonzalez to his father and his country, to the struggle to free the Cuban Five. We fought apartheid South Africa together. We will never forget the decisive part played by revolutionary Cuba, under Fidel’s internationalist leadership, in defending the independence of Angola, winning the independence of Namibia, and in the unraveling and defeat of the apartheid state. For these and many other reasons our bonds of solidarity are unbreakable!”
President Diaz-Canel received a standing ovation from the audience when he entered the sanctuary at Riverside Church. The Cuban leader recalled that Fidel had spoken at the same venue in September 2000, where he announced the creation of a scholarship program for students in the U.S. from oppressed communities to study free-of-charge at the Latin American School of Medicine (ELAM). The project began in earnest in 2005 and has since graduated more than 170 students from the U.S., whose only requirement is that they work in underserved areas.
A delegation of ELAM graduates from the U.S. attended the gathering. Two of the graduates, Drs. Sitembile Sales and Joaquim Morante, addressed the audience during the program.
Cuba and Venezuela united in anti-imperialist struggle
Only about five minutes after the beginning of the program, Venezuela President Nicolas Maduro Moros entered the church. The crowd stood and applauded in amazement. Both presidents sat together at the front of the sanctuary.
In a brief talk, Maduro said he had made a last-minute decision to go to New York to participate directly in the U.N. General Assembly. Prompted by the speech delivered by Trump the previous day, Maduro flew to New York where he addressed the U.N. body in a 50-minute speech which defended the right of Venezuela to self-determination and sovereignty.
President Diaz-Canel said during his remarks at Riverside that: “For Maduro, for Venezuela, for the Cuban delegation, it is very emotive to be here with you, friends of Cuba and Venezuela here in New York. Miracles like these happen in this city only here, in the Riverside Church. Fidel taught us that to cooperate with other exploited and poor peoples was always a political principle of the Revolution and a duty to humanity.”
The leader of the Caribbean socialist state said further: “Cuba also owes a lot to international solidarity and to the help of many friends and activists here in the United States, among whom are many Cuban residents. The most recent demonstration of this was the fight for the return of the Five Cuban anti-terrorist fighters and, before that, the return of little Elian [Gonzalez] to Cuba.”
During his visit to New York, Diaz-Canel also met with members of the U.S. Congress and a group of people representing the agricultural sector. In addition he spoke before the Nelson Mandela Peace Summit held in honor of the centenary of the late African National Congress leader and the first democratically elected president of the Republic of South Africa from 1994-99.